Your physician may prescribe medications to treat coronary artery disease. These medications work by increasing blood flow to the heart muscle, decreasing heart rate and decreasing blood pressure.
Medications commonly prescribed include:
- Antiplatelet drugs
- Antihyperlipidemics (cholesterol-lowering drugs)
- Antihyperintensives (blood pressure-lowering drugs)
If medications aren’t effective, your physician may recommend a cardiac catheterization to determine if you have blockages, where they are, and how large they are. In this minimally invasive procedure, a long, thin tube (catheter) is inserted into an artery in your groin or arm, then advanced to your heart. Contrast solution is injected into the arteries of your heart, and X-rays are taken to check for a blockage (angiogram). If blockage is found, then a coronary angioplasty (also called a percutaneous coronary intervention or PCI) can be performed. This procedure can include removing a clot by suctioning it out, opening the blocked artery with balloon angioplasty or placing a stent to restore blood flow to the heart muscle.
The Ohio State University Medical Center is a high-volume center for cardiac catheterization procedures, performing more than 5,000 procedures each year. Our physicians have distinctive experience and expertise in cardiac catheterization procedures.
Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) may be required to remove a blockage in a blood vessel to your heart.
Robotic heart surgery, which requires only small incisions in the chest wall, is available at The Ohio State University Medical Center.